Thermal waters and springs
A 2,000-year history as a spa town, the most mineral-rich waters in the whole of Switzerland, and a diverse range of wellness options: Baden (German for "baths") lives up to its name in every way.
The natural warmth and power of the thermal springs has been used in Baden for 2,000 years. The thermal waters have more minerals here than anywhere else in Switzerland. More than 900,000 litres bubble out of its 18 springs every single day. The valuable minerals are dissolved into the hot water on their long journey through the rock layers at a depth of more than 1,200 metres. At the surface, the thermal water has a soothing effect and is used as a basis for many medical treatments.
A vibrant, lively district with an important place in Baden's cultural history. The baths district, which was founded as a Roman settlement (Aquae Helveticae) around 2,000 years ago, has always had a spa culture steeped in tradition. A total of 900,000 litres of thermal water flow out of 18 springs in the baths district every day. Numerous public and private spas have been built since the Middle Ages, which are the reason for the spa tourism in Switzerland.
Baden's thermal waters have a higher mineral content than any other thermal waters in Switzerland. Thus, they are said to have beneficial health effects with good reason. One reason for the high mineral content is the time it takes for the waters to form, which in some cases is 4,000 to 12,000 years.
Baden has played an important social role as far back as the time of ancient Rome. In 14 AD, Roman legionnaires from a camp in Vindonissa, around five kilometres away, discovered warm springs at the bend of the River Limmat that were said to have healing powers. A settlement of merchants and artisans emerged in today's baths district, whose natural warm springs have a magnetic power even today. Whether Helvetians, Habsburgers or Swiss Confederates, they all benefited from the curative effect of Baden's thermal waters and helped shape the spa culture. The present appearance of the district is still influenced by its heyday in the Middle Ages when two public baths and around thirty private baths housed guests from far-away places.
Today's baths district is of great importance to European cultural history with its unique collection of buildings. It is nestled at the bottom of a narrow valley and stretches along the bend of the River Limmat on both the Baden and the Ennetbaden side. You can still marvel at the old baths from the 14th and 15th centuries. The Blume, Bären, Ochsen, Schlüssel and Hörnli hotels have the same names as they did 500 years ago.
There are many ways to enjoy the most mineral-rich thermal waters in Switzerland in Baden's baths district. Find out more here.
Hotels and restaurants
There has always been a tradition of feasting and indulging in the baths district. Not least of all thanks to the Spanischbrödli, a Baden speciality often eaten during spa treatments.
The following hotels offer spa treatments and accommodation: the Limmathof Baden Hotel & Spa, the Atrium-Hotel Blume, the Résidence am Wasser apartments, the Guesthouse an der Limmat, and the Zum Schiff apartment building for spa and bathing guests.
The Goldener Schlüssel, Hörnli and Pizzeria il Brunello restaurants round out the diverse culinary offerings.
Beautiful walks start and end here
Beautiful historical walks can be taken starting in the baths district. People who came to Baden for a spa treatment long ago didn't miss the chance to explore the hilly landscape on foot. Many lookout points, called "Chänzeli" in Swiss German, offer a magnificent view over the baths district, the city and neighbouring towns during the Chänzeli Lookout Point Tour. The short walk from the Mättelipark to Kappisee lake or the circular route around the Goldwand (vineyards) in Ennetbaden are also very popular. The nearby Kurpark with Kurtheater and Kursaal are also worth a visit. The latter is home to the Baden Grand Casino .
Companies in the baths district
Several local and international companies with headquarters in the baths district also benefit from the attractive location. They include BBP AG, developer and operator of interbank applications, and the international technology company OpenText, to name just a few. The baths district is likely to become even more attractive for other companies in the future with its upcoming redevelopment and construction projects.
The baths district will also play a key role for the city and region in the future. In the coming years, extensive structural measures will be undertaken to enhance the future appeal of the baths district in the areas of health, work, leisure and real estate. New public thermal baths that combine wellness and medical treatments are currently being designed by star architect Mario Botta. Redevelopments and improvements are also underway in the Verenahof-Geviert. This includes the historical hotels Verenahof, Bären and Ochsen, which are all undergoing extensive renovations. In addition, a residential and commercial building is in the planning stages for the baths district right next to the Botta Spa.
You can find more information on the redevelopment of the baths district at www.thermalbaden.ch.